The use of the Advent Wreath is a traditional practice which has found its place in the Church as well as in the home. The blessing of an Advent wreath takes place on the first Sunday of Advent or on the evening before the First sunday of Advent.
Customarily the Advent Wreath is constructed of a circle of evergreen branches into which are inserted four candles. According to tradition, three candles are violet and the fourth is rose.
The candles represent the four weeks of Advent, and the number of candles lighted each week corresponds to the number of the current week of Advent. The rose candle is lighted on the Third sunday of Advent, also know as Gaudete Sunday.
When the blessing of the Advent Wreath is celebrated in the home, it is appropriate that it be blessed by a parent or another member of the family.
All make the sign of the cross as the leader says:
Our help is in the name of the Lord.
R. Who made heaven and earth
Then the Scripture is read:
Listen to the words of the Prophet Isaiah: (Is 9:1-2, 5-6)
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; Upons those who dwelt in the land of gloom a light has shone. You have brought them abundant joy and great rejoicing. So they rejoice before you as at the harvest, as people make merry when dididing spoils. For a child is born to us, a son is given us; upon his shoulder dominion rests. They name him Wonder-Counselor, God-Hero, Father-Forever, prince of Peace. His dominion as vast and forever peaceful, from David's throne, and over his kingdom, which he confirms and sustains by judgment and justice, both now and forever. Amen
"O come, desire of nations, bind
In one the hearts of all lmankind;
Bid every sad division cease
And be thyself our Prince of peace.
Rejoice! Rejoice! Emmanuel
Shall come to thee, O Israel."